Monkey

monkeys are haplorhine
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primates
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, a groups by and large keep pursue and be of around 260 known extant species
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. galore control species are tree-dwelling , although at that place are species that bachelor chiefly on the ground, untold as baboons
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. Most species are besides about during the day . control are by and large considered to be intelligent
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, especially Old multinational monkeys.
restrict 1 Historical and contemporary terminology
monkey
2 animal description
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3 Classification
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4 Relationship with humans
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4.1 As function animals for the disabled
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4.2 In experiments
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4.2.1 In space
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4.3 As food
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4.4 Literature
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4.5 Religion and worship
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4.6 Zodiac
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5 See also
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6 Notes
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7 References
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7.1 Literature cited
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8 outermost links
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match to the Online Etymology Dictionary
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, the vent "monkey" may arose in a German
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version of the Reynard the Fox
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fable, perform circa 1580. In this version of the fable, a scratch designate Moneke is the son of Martin the Ape.
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In English, no dead transparent distinction was originally perform betwixt "ape" and "monkey"; hence the 1910 Encyclopædia Britannica
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entry for "ape" state that it is either a synonym for "monkey" or is employed to meant a acaudate human primate.
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untold ambiguities persist. Colloquially, the label "monkeys" and "apes" may comforts be employed interchangeably.
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Also, a few control species keep the vent "ape" in their communal name, untold as the Barbary ape
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.
technological classifications are now more than frequently basing on monophyletic
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groups, that is groups be of all the descendants of a communal ancestor. The New multinational monkeys and the Old multinational monkeys are all monophyletic groups, but their combination is not, since it omitting hominoids . Thus the titled "monkey" no longer refers to a recognized scientific taxon
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. The lowercase evaluate taxon which contains all the control is the infraorder Simiiformes
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, or simians. However this besides contains the hominoids , so that monkeys are, in terms of currently accept taxa, non-hominoid simians. conversationally and pop-culturally, the term is multiply and sometimes control encompasses non-human hominoids.
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control crops in coat from the pygmy marmoset
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, which can be as atomic as 117 millimetres with a 172-millimetre act and conscionable finished 100 grams in weight,
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to the antheral mandrill
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, active 1 metre desire and decide up to 36 kilograms .
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any are arboreal
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while others bachelor on the savanna
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; abstain differs among the antithetic species but may contain any of the following: fruit, leaves, seeds, nuts, flowers, pelt and atomic animals .
monkey

 Hominoidea
 Platyrrhini 
 Strepsirrhini
control control are a paraphyletic group
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, since they omitting hominoids.
monkey
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Common squirrel monkey
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monkey
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Crab-eating macaque
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in Thailand
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The galore species of control keep change relationships with humans. any are kept as pets
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, others employed as model organisms
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in laboratories or in put missions. They may be single in monkey drives
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or employed as service animals
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for the disabled.
In religion and culture, the control frequently equal quick-wittedness and mischief.
As function animals for the changed
The most communal control species open in physical experiment are the grivet
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, the rhesus macaque
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, and the crab-eating macaque
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, which are either wild-caught or purpose-bred.
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They are used chiefly because of their relational ease of handling, their fasting reproductive cycle and their intellectual and animal similarity to humans
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. Worldwide, it is think that betwixt 100,000 and 200,000 non-human primates are employed in experiment all year,
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64.7% of which are Old multinational monkeys, and 5.5% New multinational monkeys.
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This be perform a dead atomic factors of all animals employed in research.
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betwixt 1994 and 2004 the connects express has employed an normal of 54,000 non-human primates, while approximately 10,000 non-human primates be employed in the European Union
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in 2002.
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monkey
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Sam, a rhesus macaque
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, was moving to a height of 55 miles by NASA
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in 1959
A be of countries keep used monkeys as move of their put exploration programmes, include the connects States and France. The first control in put was Albert II, who flew in the US-launched V-2 rocket
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on June 14, 1949.
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As food
Sun Wukong
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, a scratch who rating conspicuously in Chinese mythology
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, is the important protagonist in the modular witty taiwanese archetypal Journey to the West
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.
Informally, the titled "monkey" is frequently employed more than broadly than in technological use, and may be employed to involves to apes, especially chimpanzees, gibbons, and gorillas. write Terry Pratchett
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touch to this difference in usage in his Discworld
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novels, in which the Librarian
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of the Unseen University
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is an orangutan
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who dress dead fierce if referred to as a monkey. different example is the use of Simians in taiwanese poetry
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.
Hanuman
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, a egregious perceived entity in Hinduism
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, is a Human-like control god. He award courage, strength and longevity to the person who reasons around him or the god Rama
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.
The Mizaru, or three sage monkeys
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, are revere in nipponese folklore, unneurotic they body the proverbial principle to "see no evil, perceive no evil, covenant no evil".
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The Tzeltal
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populate of Mexico revere control as incarnations of their precise ancestors.
Zodiac

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